Consumer electronic circuit assembly

08 Jun, 2022

By ren

What does it mean to assemble consumer electrical circuits?

Electronics for Consumers

The demand for consumer electronic circuit assembly is expanding faster than the worldwide population in today's world. Consumer electronic gadgets are designed to make our regular routines go quicker and simpler.

Consumer electronic circuit assembly

It is hardly an exaggeration to suggest that Printed circuit boards are now widely used. High quality PCBs are used in a wide range of electrical equipment, from your television to your coffee maker. Without dependable PCBs, both companies and households would be unable to operate.

While PCBs for consumer electronic circuit assembly are not new, the uses for PCBs for electronics and the materials used to produce them have developed over time, especially as a result of the rising trend toward downsizing. Furthermore, current electronics and computer applications need PCBs with excellent thermal conductivity to disperse the heat created. Different PCBs are also required for the various types of appliances in use. The PCB necessary to power a wristwatch, for example, is not the same as the PCB required for a computer.

What is the definition of electronics assembly?

Gathering, soldering, or integrating electronic components and circuits to accomplish one or more separate tasks is known as an electronics assembly. It's a crucial step in the production of daily electrical devices including computers, toys, engines, remote controls, and phones. This assures that the printed circuit board (PCB), which is at the core of all our electrical gadgets and devices, remains functional. A Printed circuit board assembly is often recognized as a characteristic green chip with copper pieces and lines.

Various forms of electronics assembly are available:

PCB assembly on a surface mount basis

This approach, often known as surface mount technology or SMT, enables great consumer electronic circuit assembly dependability while also saving space. ISSI provides the most up to date SMT technology, including numerous surface mount placing machines for optimum versatility. Our SMT lines are also capable of handling both short and large runs.

PCB assembly with through-holes

This method involves drilling holes into a PCB. We install electrical components on top of the PCB after drilling holes in it. After that, we'll solder pads on the other side of the PCB. Although the task may be done by hand, we prefer to employ automated mounting devices to save time. Both lead-free (RoHS) and leaded applications are compatible with our approach.

Assembly of a hybrid thick film

Hybrid circuits are more adaptable and may perform a portion or all of an electrical function. This is accomplished by merging several active and passive semiconductor devices into a single package. Our hybrid circuits are less expensive to build due to decreased tooling and development expenses, and they have higher circuit density, reliability, and performance.

Assembling chips on a circuit board

When conventional assembly techniques fail to match the existing design criteria, chip-on-board (COB) assembly may be the answer. It's also a great choice if you need to make your electrical circuit smaller. When you require a lightweight circuit with less bulk, this is a major consideration.

Multi-chip modules (MCM)

Module with many chips. Multi-chip modules (MCM) have a similar building principle to chip-on-board assembly, however, there are several key distinctions. This contains its many integrated circuits, which enable a single multi-chip module to accommodate various combined circuit functionalities. This allows for ever more compact circuits. Due to its ceramic substrate structure, the module has a higher heat dissipation capacity in tough settings, making it a good alternative for a variety of industrial applications.

Assembling the box

When you require extra help with manufacturing and assembly, such as engineering, analysis, and testing, box build assembly is the way to go. Backplanes and electrical enclosures or power supplies, cable-and-wire harnesses, and custom-designed metal or plastic casings, among other high-level components, make up a box construction, also known as system integration.

PCB Manufacturing for Consumer Electronics

The following are the steps of PCB production:

PCB Design and Output in Electronics

A PCB layer is first produced with the help of a PCB design software designer. The design is exported into a supporting format after it has been accepted for production. A Design for Manufacturability test is performed to confirm that the design meets the minimal tolerance criteria. The PCB printing process is the next step.

Printing inner layers

After that, the film is printed on copper foil. A laminate board with epoxy resin and glass fiber as its core material is the most basic kind of PCB. The laminate acts as an excellent conduit for copper. The substrate material gives the PCB a strong and dust-resistant foundation. Both sides of the copper are pre-bonded. The method entails removing the copper to disclose the pattern from the films.

The metal copper

The clean panel gets the photoresistor, which hardens after exposure to UV light, and the sided laminate is cleaned. The photoresistance on the copper below hardens as light travels through the transparent areas of the film. The sections that aren't supposed to harden are then scheduled for removal.

Getting Rid of Unwanted Copper

To remove the extra copper, a vigorous chemical preparation is utilized. The targeted copper is protected behind the layer of photoresist while the exposed copper is removed.

Optical Inspection and Layer Alignment

Both the inner and the outer layers have been brought into alignment at this point. An optical punch is used to achieve pinpoint accuracy while punching holes. To ensure that no defects exist, an Automatic Optical Inspection is conducted.The PCB continues to the final phases of manufacture after passing the inspection stage.

Bonding and layering

All of the layers have now fused. Prepreg is placed over the alignment basin. Before putting the copper sheet, the substrate layer is laid over the prepreg. On top of the copper layer are layered more prepreg sheets. Aluminum foil and copper press plate finish the stack. It's now ready for pressing.


The stacked board is now drilled with holes. The drill target areas are identified using an x-ray locator.

Copper Deposition and Plating

The panel then proceeds to the plate after drilling. To get a chemical deposition, the technique fuses several layers. The panel goes through a succession of chemical treatments once it has been thoroughly cleaned.

Imaging of the outer layer

The photoresist is applied and subjected to UV light once again. Finally, the outside plates are examined to confirm that any unwanted photoresists have been removed.


A thin copper coating is electroplated onto the surface. Etching is a technique for removing the undesired copper foil from a panel.

Etching at the End

The copper that isn't needed is removed. During this step, the copper is protected by the tin.

Application of Solder Mask

Clean the panels, then apply solder masks on both sides and expose them to UV light. The section of the cover that hasn't hardened is removed.

Finish of the Surface

The proper surface finish is applied depending on the electronic product's particular needs and the environment in which it must function.


Following that, the most important information regarding the PCB is put on the surface.

Electrical Inspections

The next step is to do electrical testing to ensure that everything is working properly.

Scoreing and profilin

The original panel is now used to cut the boards. This is done with the use of a router or a V-Groove.

PCBAs in the Consumer Electronics Industry

The consumer electronic circuit assembly market has a wide variety of items. Here are a few examples:

  • Handheld smart gadgets
  • Smartwatches
  • Tablets
  • Computers
  • Smartphones
  • MP3 players
  • Televisions
  • Refrigerators
  • Ovens with microwaves
  • Video game consoles
  • Navigational aids
  • Computer monitors
  • Coffee makers

Read more: How to cut a slot in a PCB prototype board?


Because they can be put to such a wide variety of uses, electronic devices and other forms of consumer technology have become an indispensable component of modern life. However, if there were no electrical assembly involved, they would be challenging to make. Electronics assembly is employed in the production of a wide range of machines and products that make our daily life easier, including air conditioners, refrigerators, intelligent automobiles and residences, and many more.


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